of a medieval cathedral's central nave. Bierstadt was an important interpreter of the western landscape, and he is also grouped with the Rocky Mountain School. Bierstadt’s popularity is attached to one of his masterpieces, a large painting of a Swiss landscape. He was buried at the Rural Cemetery in New Bedford, Massachusetts.. On January 7, 1830, Albert Bierstadt was born to a German family, in Solingen, Rhine Province, Prussia. He joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion to paint the scenes. Bierstadt later returned [unreliable source? He made clever crayon sketches in his youth and developed a taste for art. HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL used by Albert Bierstadt, see:  He returned to a studio he had taken at the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York with sketches for numerous paintings he then finished. For the greatest view painters, see: Colour He progressed to the Rockies, where the 1880–90 Medium: Oil … the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial was not well received. He travelled to the Platte River and COLOURS USED IN In 1871 he returned to California, where he stayed two years, painting views of the Sierra Nevada, including Yosemite. The financier Legrand counterpart the Hudson River School, which had been set up earlier by Changing tastes in the 1880s brought a decline in the popularity of his art, and he narrowly avoided bankruptcy in 1895. The Dusseldorf School also had an influence on its American , During the American Civil War (1861 to 1865), Bierstadt was drafted in 1863 and paid for a substitute to serve in his place. life, except that between 1853 and 1857 he returned to Germany to study Artist: Albert Bierstadt (American, Solingen 1830–1902 New York) Date: 1872 or 1873 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 1979.490.3 On view in: Not on view Sea Cove Artist: Albert Bierstadt (American, Solingen 1830–1902 New York) Date: ca. His pictures were highly AMERICAN PAINTING Edwin Church (1826-1900) at the 1864 New York Sanitary Fair. , Bierstadt's choice of grandiose subjects was matched by his entrepreneurial flair. All rights reserved. Lockwood commissioned Bierstadt to create the work, paying the astronomical painting of George Inness - and Bierstadt's ", Despite his popular success, Bierstadt was criticized by some contemporaries for the romanticism evident in his choices of subject and his use of light was felt to be excessive. country's natural grandeur, as did the later 'Wild West' illustrations fee of $25,000. aesthetic issues surrounding  He returned to Germany in 1853 and studied painting for several years in Düsseldorf with members of its informal school of painting.  Many of …  Bierstadt's technical proficiency, earned through his study of European landscape, was crucial to his success as a painter of the American West and accounted for his popularity in disseminating views of the Rocky Mountains to those who had not seen them.  Many of his works depict natural formations within National Parks, such as Yosemite and Yellowstone. has the best material for the artist in the world'. by Frederic Remington (1861-1909). and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.  Subsequent reassessment of his work has placed it in a favorable context, as stated in 1987: The temptation (to criticize him) should be steadfastly resisted. ", In 1876, his wife was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and from then until her death in 1893, Bierstadt spent time with her in the warmer climate of Nassau in the Bahamas. His paintings received are highly acclaimed for his eye for the details and the beautiful subject of his work that was mainly the serenely majestic landscapes of Western America. Art Definition, Meaning. Leutze (1816-68). The paintings were reviewed by a curator as voyeuristic, and unblemished by first-hand experience of violence. media from 1850-present. During the 1870s Bierstadt spent time in the Then, his painting Some critics objected to Bierstadt's paintings of Native Americans on the grounds that Indians "marred" the "impression of solitary grandeur. He was not the first artist to record the sites, but he was the foremost painter of them for the remainder of the 19th century. In 1870 he returned to America, but in 1871 again headed west 1932, settling in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Closed Monday & Major Holidays Keep in touch by subscribing to news and updates from SAAM and Renwick Gallery. The technique combined depth, detail, and darkness to … to Europe to study and develop his drawing and painting techniques, but James McDougal Hart (1828-1901) In 1867, Bierstadt traveled to London, where he exhibited two landscape paintings in a private reception with Queen Victoria. In later life, Bierstadt's work fell increasingly out of critical favor. house in 2009, his painting Oregon Trail sold for $1.7 million In 1998 the US Postal Service issued a set of Moreover, he exhibited his painting in London in a private reception with Queen Victoria which was quite an honor for the artist. Artist Albert Bierstadt idealized the West by dramatizing its wide-open spaces, rocky ridges, and lush greenery with his adroit use of Luminism. Bierstadt was part of the second generation of the Hudson River School . In such a way he was evoking gothic architecture and the soaring heights One of his most Bierstadt’s “great pictures” show sweeping vistas of Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada, proving that America’s natural wonders rivaled the great ruins of Europe. Grant Wood, a famous artist, created a painting known as American Gothic. Bierstadt was part of the second generation of the Hudson River School. painters, see the Iowan artist Grant Wood His work for The War became the new subject of his works based on his brief experiences with the soldiers and on a stereoscopic photograph taken by his brother. Westward, Bierstadt traveled with a companion, Frederick W. Lander, to survey the landscapes there and upon his return he drew sketches that culminated in several paintings. "Albert Bierstadt, Landscape Aesthetics, and the Meanings of the West in the Civil War Era". Their style was based on carefully detailed paintings with romantic, almost glowing lighting, sometimes called luminism. was famous for his large-size landscape use of plein air painting, and Highly prolific during his career, he produced Thomas Doughty (1793-1856) George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879) St. Johnsbury, Vermont). He stayed two years, sketching, Alfred T. Bricher (1837-1908) This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 22:04. He traveled to Wyoming, California, and Oregon, and turned his New York studio into a museum where people could see his paintings amid a vast collection of animal skins and Native American artifacts. In 1860, he was elected a member of the National Academy of Design; he received medals in Austria, Bavaria, Belgium, and Germany. Nineteenth century was brimming with brilliant artists who left a gaping hole in the history of arts with their demise. for a brief period, before devoting himself entirely to his own art. as also did his Domes of Yosemite (1867, St Johnsbury Athenaeum, , In 1851, Bierstadt began to paint in oils. Initially To paint the scenes, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. France. Albert Bierstadt was one of the first painters to capture the grandeur of the American West. Bierstadt rented studios and continued to produce finished works on Western Through the mid-1880s he traveled in the West as well as to Nassau and Europe. Works by Bierstadt can be a response to the growing industrialization of America, FRED STALOFF: MAJOR WORKS FROM THE COLLECTION, Celebrating Hispanic Artist: Virtual Exhibition, HEALTH AND SAFETY REGARDING THE COVID-19 VIRUS, Margaret Evans and Her Potent Influence as Butler Director. The painting was exhibited in 1858 in at the National Academy of Design. One such name that comes to our mind is Albert Bierstadt, who was American based artist from German origin. Robert Duncanson (1821-1872) Nancy Anderson and Linda Ferber, Albert Bierstadt: Art & Enterprise (New York: Hudson Hills for the Brooklyn Museum, 1991); Hendricks, Bierstadt. Bierstadt was born in Prussia, but his family moved to the United States when he was one year old. He attended several informal art schools there and upon return to United States he took up teaching profession briefly. Thomas Hill (1829-1908) Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, HOURS Landscape Painter. Greatest Modern Paintings Rosalie, Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, "Art, Agency, and Conservation: A Fresh Look at Albert Bierstadt's Vision of the West", "Albert Bierstadt: The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak (07.123) – Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "Among the Sierra Nevada, California by Albert Bierstadt / Exhibition Label", "Albert Bierstadt: The Wolf River, Kansas (61.28) — The Detroit Institute of Arts", "Echo Lake, Franconia Mountains, New Hampshire / North American / Art of the Americas / Highlights By Category / Collection Highlights / Collections / Smith College Museum of Art – Smith College Museum of Art", "Home / Smith College Museum of Art – Smith College Museum of Art", "St. Johnsbury Athenaeum>>This Week from the Gallery Archives", Bierstadt's Visit to Colorado: Sketching for the famous painting, ", White Mountain paintings by Albert Bierstadt, A finding aid to the Albert Bierstadt letter collection, 1880–1893 in the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, "Against His Grain: Albert Bierstadt's 'Clouds Over the Prairie, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albert_Bierstadt&oldid=988725281, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Appleton's Cyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SIKART identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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