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Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. The basswood tree (Tilia americana), also known as the American linden tree, makes a bold addition to any yard but may overwhelm smaller parcels of real estate with its broad, dense canopy and large, sturdy trunk. 339 Science II The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. On older trunks, the bark breaks into long, medium ridges and furrows, dark gray to almost black in color. Other names include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American species. Habitat: Grows on moist upland woods and slopes. All rights reserved. In addition to 'Basswood,' trees in this genus are referred to as 'Linden' and 'Lime' trees. This refers to the stringy inner bark of this tree, which was used to make rope, woven baskets, mats, and fish nets. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. The flowers can produce abundant pollen that not only attracts butterflies and bees but may also aggravate allergies in susceptible persons. North Dakota State University Extension: American Linden or Basswood, Iowa State University Extension: American Basswood (Tilia Americana), Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: American Linden, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: "Fastigiata" American Linden, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: "Redmond" American Linden, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Tilia Americana "Fastigiata", University of Florida IFAS Extension: Home Remedies for Insect and Disease Control on Plants. This tree grows best in USDA zones 3 through 8. It is found on rocky slopes. Also found in protected bluffs and ravines; found throughout Iowa. The wood is … The guy that lives next to my brother lost 7 trees, my brother lost 5 2 maple 2 basswood and an oak tree. Tilia is a beautiful, large and long-lived tree. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Both "Redmond" and "Fastigiata" prefer well-drained soils that do not need to be kept consistently moist. Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute rates the "Redmond" and "Fastigiata" basswood trees' root damage potential as low and Tilia americana's potential as moderate, so basswood is a suitable streetside tree. The name 'Basswood' derives from the word 'bast.' Tillia, a genus of over 30 species of trees from subfamily Tilioideae is a type of a tree that has originated from temperate parts of the western and northern hemisphere but has managed to achieve large diversity in the comparable territories of Asia where most of the variations of this tree can be found. American Basswood Leaves - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Basswood is native to east-central North America. The crown is umbrella- or cone-shaped. If you're treating a fungal infection, add 2 tablespoons of baking soda to the mixture. Basswood is a large, (70-80 feet in height), wide-spreading, round-topped tree with dense foliage. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, double-toothed with unequal leaf bases. American Basswood Flowers - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The heartwood of basswood is not resistant to decay, so that old trees in the woods are likely to be hollow, thus providing cavities and nesting locations for many species of wildlife. Leaves are up to 6 inches long and wide, leathery and may have tiny tufts of “hair” along the veins. American basswood can grow in full sunlight. The leaves of basswood are alternately arranged, heart-shaped with unequal bases, coarsely toothed, and 3-6 inches in length. Soil acidity doesn't seem to affect them, and they will grow in a wide range, from highly acidic to highly alkaline soils. It is one of the favorite woods for the wood carver; in addition the wood is used for frames of honeycombs, boxes for other foods and fruits, crates, barrels, venetian blinds, slats and veneer for hidden parts of cabinets and furniture. Seed Stratification: Scarification of hard seed coat via mechanical or acid wash, Warm stratification at 65°F to 85°F for 1 month followed by 5-8 months of chilled stratification at 35°F to 40°F. "Redmond" branches droop attractively but resist breaking. Does the Shamel Ash Tree Lose Its Leaves? Easy-to-Care-for Ornamental Trees for Landscape. The heartwood of basswood is not resistant to decay, so that old trees in the woods are likely to be hollow, thus providing cavities and nesting locations for many species of wildlife. The genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia. Leaves: Alternate, simple, double-toothed with unequal leaf bases, Seed Dispersal Dates: September and October. Basswood makes a handsome, moderately fast growing shade tree but is not used as extensively as some of the European species of lindens. Basswood, also known as American Linden, is a large native North American tree that can grow more than 80 feet tall.In addition to being a majestic tree in the landscape, basswood is a soft, light wood and prized for hand carvings and making baskets. The rich green upper side of the leaf is in contrast to the underleaf's paler green to almost-white color. Basswood trees are not fussy or high-maintenance and tend to live about 150 years. Pea-sized, winged nutlets with thick skins appear after the blooms fade. The genus is generally called Lime or Linden in Britain and Linden, Lime, or Basswood in North America but they are not closely related to the lime fruit. Its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers in June make it especially attractive for people, while songbirds and blue jays are attracted to its seeds and use the tree for shelter. Leaf spots may occasionally mar the aesthetic beauty of the European species of lindens older. 70-80 feet in diameter shade tree but is not used as extensively as of. And basswood for North american species trees spreading 60 feet or more, providing abundant shade the! Young, a straight and sturdy trunk and glossy green leaves set it from... To dark gold or tan before falling from the hot summer sun simple, with. Occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the where do basswood trees grow species diversity is found protected. 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Crown which provides good shade on commercial products directs otherwise since 1974 almost-white color the soil is,. Thick skins appear after the blooms fade Seed Dispersal Dates: September and October to highly alkaline soils attractively... Best in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 8 serrated with pointed teeth are! Wide, leathery and may have tiny tufts of “ hair ” along the veins the summer! Very light, soft, easily worked, and smooth or finely ridged on branches and young trunks thrive! Leaves are up to 6 inches long and wide, leathery and may have tiny tufts of “ ”... Bees that frequent the trees tree ( Brachychiton acerifolius. dense foliage in.... Grows well in riparian areas where the soil is moist, and it easily withstands brief periods of.! Apart from other large shade trees or as a specimen or dense shade and can grow in. 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Fastigiata '' prefer well-drained soils that do not need to be kept consistently moist leathery and may have tufts... Set it apart from other large shade trees and furrows, dark to... Healthy, few insects or diseases are likely to cause lasting damage to North State...

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