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The theory of deontology falls under this type of ethics because people make decisions based on their duty to those around them. Different branches of the study of ethics look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. Nonconsequential ethics is the other side of the coin to consequential ethics. Ethics and technology: Controversies, questions, and strategies for ethical computing. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties. The way someone lives his or her life can explain any ethical decision according to this theory. Therefore, the result of a situation makes that decision OK. For example, it’s ethical for you to tell a white lie if it achieves what you need or want it to. According to this theory, what we believe our duties are will drive how we act in different situations. By Flickr user AJ Cann 3. Different branches of the study of ethics look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. For example, a person who lies and cheats to get ahead in life probably makes decisions based on advancing his or her own interests according to the virtue theory. The ethical theory of virtue states that we can judge a person’s decisions based on his or her character and morality. For Assessment 3, Task 2 - your are required to apply the classical ethical theories, from Tavani, H.T. 2. The theory of deontology states that when we have to make ethical decisions, our first thoughts are on our duties and obligations. Each one of these theories looks at our ethical behavior in different ways. Utilitarianism is an effort to provide an answer to the practical question “What ought a person to do?” The answer is that a person ought to act so as to produce the best consequences possible. Rule-based thinking. These four theories fall into one of two categories. I’ll name four classical theories in ethics but I’ll cite Wikipedia so you can get started on your research (if need be). According to this theory, what we believe our duties are will drive how we act in different situations. According to the theory of utilitarianism, people choose their actions based on how their decisions will benefit the most people. Virtue ethics, approach to ethics that takes the notion of virtue (often conceived as excellence) as fundamental. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? Act utilitarianism says you will make decisions based on helping others, while rule utilitarianism says you will act out of fairness. There are four major ethical theories: deontology (or duty), utilitarianism, rights, and virtue. You should undertake further research to inform your analysis of the identified ethical issue. 3. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. They say it’s too hard to tell what most people think is important to the whole society, so it’s a messy idea to base decisions on. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. The theory of deontology states that when we have to make ethical decisions, our first thoughts are on our duties and obligations. The biggest hole in the theory of deontology is that there’s no standard for what a person’s duties and obligations are. (2012). You make a decision that will be best for everyone involved. Ethics and technology: Controversies, questions, and strategies for ethical computing. There are four major ethical theories: deontology (or duty), utilitarianism, rights, and virtue. Academic edition is important will drive how we act in different situations the enumeration of duties branch of philosophy deals. 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